The U.S. Copyright Office is a division of the Library of Congress – the oldest federal cultural institution in the U.S. that also serves as the research arm of Congress. The U.S. Copyright Office is an office of public record for copyright registration and deposit of copyright material.
The Copyright Royalty Board is an agency of the Library of Congress, with respect to the administration of statutory copyright licenses, including cable retransmission. It was established following passage of the Copyright Royalty and Distribution Reform Act of 2004 on November 30, 2004. The Act phased out the Copyright Arbitration Royalty Panel (“CARP”) system and replaced the arbitrators with three permanent Copyright Royalty Judges.